What is a code review?

Code review, also known as peer code review, is a process in which a development team reviews the application source code to check it for correctness against a requirement set, spot potential bugs, improve quality and share knowledge among the team.

In a code review, there are at least two roles always present in a code review including the:

Author, who is the person responsible for creating the code that will be reviewed by the team

Reviewer, who is the person responsible for examining/reviewing the code and reporting the findings to the author and project team

Here at Coderus, the primary way we conduct code review is through a pull request. Each time a developer wishes to make changes to an application whether it’s for a new feature or to fix a bug, he or she must submit changes for approval to the rest of the project team. This pull Software code Audit request compares the current state of an application source code with the changes a developer would like to make. A series of automated checks are then performed before code is manually reviewed by other developers.

The Code Review Process At Coderus

Here at Coderus, all changes to the code base must go through a pull request in order to be merged into the application. Before code can be merged the automated checks performed by our continuous integration (CI) system, typically Jenkins must pass and have been approved by at least two members of the project team.

These automated checks and their strictness vary depending on the platform and project. For a typical Android project, they’re performed on each commit and pushed to a remote repository, ensuring that the code base compiles and all automated tests pass. Afterwards, a series of analysis tools are run including Ktlint, Detekt and Android Lint – each of which has a different focus. Any problem identified by these tools causes a failure and an alert that is then posted to the Slack channel for the project so that the relevant developer is made aware and can resolve the issue. 

Ktlint enforces that the code style matches the official Android Kotlin Style Guide. Maintained by Pinterest, the tool acts as a neutral party to dictate formatting and preventing Bikesheeding, where a development team spends time discussing subjective opinions on formatting such as the positioning of spacing, brackets and line breaking through the code base. Having a consistent codebase makes it easier to read and navigate. Think about how confusing a word document with multiple font types within a paragraph would be to read – the same applies to source code. By automating the process, reviewers can focus on the content of the changes.

Detekt is a static code analysis tool which checks for common errors and code smells. You can see the full list of checks performed on the ‘Rules sets’ page of the documentation. In particular, the rules focusing on complexity such as class and method size, as well as those limiting nested block depth or certain statements, are invaluable. Complicated code is more prone to errors and is harder to maintain and extend. These rules allow complexity to be built using smaller modular components, which are less prone to errors.

Android Lint developed by Google checks for structural problems and Android specific problems with a focus on reliability and efficiency and covers a range of issues such as unnecessary namespaces in XML files and increasing processing time to usage of deprecated APIs.

Once all automated checks pass, the code is then reviewed by other members of the team who leave comments and ask questions. This code review process promotes a discussion about the changes examining a number of different aspects and ensures that the task requirements have been met, potential bugs have been spotted and the code quality can be maintained and improved. Any changes the team agrees to make should be made immediately before the pull request is merged, although new tasks can be created and added to the backlog if the suggestions are outside the scope of the current task. Each project repository includes a contributing.md file, which specifies pull request requirements and this integrates with BitBucket to allow tasks to easily be created when requirements are not met.

Typically a pull request has 2-5 reviewers. Once it has been approved by 2 other members of the project team, one of which must be a senior developer, the changes can be merged into the main development branch of the codebase. Although only two approvals are required, wherever possible the Android team has a culture of waiting for everyone working on the project. This is because anyone can offer valuable insight from a new perspective and contribute to code quality as well as allowing the highest level of knowledge sharing. 


Patient Safety and Quality in Home Health Care

Home health care is a system of care provided by skilled practitioners to patients in their homes under the direction of a physician. Home health care services include nursing care; physical, occupational, and speech-language therapy; and medical social services.1 The goals of home health care services are to help individuals to improve function and live with greater independence; to promote the client’s optimal level of well-being; and to assist the patient to remain at home, avoiding hospitalization or admission to long-term care institutions.2–4 Physicians may refer patients for home health care services, or the services may be requested by family members or patients.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) estimates that 8,090 home health care agencies in the United States provide care for more than 2.4 million elderly and Best home health agencies in Bensenville disabled people annually.5 To be eligible for Medicare reimbursement Best home health agencies in Chicago, home health care services must be deemed medically necessary by a physician and provided to a home-bound patient. In addition, the care must be provided on an intermittent and noncontinuous basis.5 Medicare beneficiaries who are in poor health, have low incomes, and are 85 years of age or older have relatively high rates of home health care use.6 Common diagnoses among home health care patients include circulatory disease (31 percent of patients), heart disease (16 percent), injury and poisoning (15.9 percent), musculoskeletal and connective tissue disease (14.1 percent), and respiratory disease.

Delivering Health Care in the Home

The home health care environment differs from hospitals and other institutional environments where nurses work. For example, home health care nurses work alone in the field with support resources available from a central office. The nurse-physician work relationship involves less direct physician contact, and the physician relies to a greater degree on the nurse to make assessments and communicate findings. Home health care nurses spend more time on paperwork than hospital nurses and more time dealing with reimbursement issues.8, 9 Certain distinctive characteristics of the home health care environment influence patient safety and quality of outcomes: the high degree of patient autonomy in the home setting, limited oversight of informal caregivers by professional clinicians, and situational variables unique to each home.

Respect for patient autonomy is valued in hospital-based care. Nonetheless, many decisions are made by clinicians on behalf of hospitalized patients. In home health care, clinicians recognize that the care setting—the home—is the inviolable domain of the patient. Therefore, compared to the hospitalized patient, the home health care patient often has a greater role in determining how and even if certain interventions will be implemented. For example, in a hospital, nurses, physicians, and pharmacists may all play a role in ensuring that the patient receives antibiotics at therapeutically appropriate intervals. At home, however, the patient may choose to take the medication at irregular times, despite advice about the importance of a regular medication schedule. Thus, interventions to promote patient safety and quality care must account for the fact that patients will sometimes choose to act in ways that are inconsistent with the relevant evidence, and the clinician’s best efforts may not result in desired outcomes.

In addition to deliberate choices made by informed and capable patients regarding their care, individual patient variables may also influence home-based outcomes in ways that are different from those patients who are hospitalized. Ellenbecker and colleagues10, 11 reported that reading skill, cognitive ability, and financial resources all affect the ability of home health care patients to safely manage their medication regimens. Yet, none of these variables may play a meaningful role in the safe administration of medications to hospitalized patients.

Consumer’s Guide to Auto Insurance

So … What’s Stopping You from Shopping Around?

A state survey of the auto insurance market found that rates charged by different companies – for virtually the same coverage—varied by as much as 50%. This is not a new development. Still, studies say that a majority of consumers don’t shop around when buying or renewing an auto insurance policy. This suggests that many people aren’t taking advantage of a competitive market. Some consumers are probably happy with the policies they have. Or, they are quite satisfied with the usual people who advise them what policy to buy. But many people feel they just don’t know enough about auto insurance to compare the value of one policy to another. Is that what’s stopping you? If so, this guide should prove useful.

You Don’t Have to Be an Insurance Expert to Make Good Buying Decisions

If you can comparison shop for things lawrenceville like cars, or home computers, or washing machines, orseason ski passes or mountain bikes, you can handle auto insurance. Here are some things to know:

1. You can easily find a great deal of price information. You can contact different agents, and you can get price quotes directly from companies over the phone or on the Internet. Some companies offer lower rates, but some may look a little more favorably than others on an applicant’s insurability, or risk factors. Insurers base the rates they charge on the amount of risk they figure they are taking to insure you. (More on cost factors, further ahead.)

2. It’s important to have basic understanding of the coverages you need and want. That way when you compare prices, you are comparing apples to apples. (More on types of coverages, further ahead.)

3. Above all, don’t be afraid to ask for explanations of anything you don’t understand. Good agents and customer representatives should welcome your questions. If they don’t, you may want to do business elsewhere.

4. Finally, cost is never the only factor in choosing a policy. Quality and convenience of service make a difference, as well as the reputations of companies and agents. Not all insurers offer the same coverage options. You want to find the best combination of service, reliability and price.

Understanding the Important Parts of An Insurance Policy

To some degree, all the parts of a policy are important. It’s a legal contract, all parts of whichgovern your coverage. However, understanding the main components will give you a good basis to compare different policies.

Tip: If you do not read through your entire policy, the single most important thing you can do is to look over the “Declaration Page” carefully when you first receive it. That is the time to check for anything amiss. Did you get all the coverage you asked for? Did you get the right amount of coverage? Are all the drivers you designated on the policy? Most people don’t discover such misunderstandings or omissions until they have a claim, at which point they may lack the coverage they thought they had.

About the Declaration Page
Often spoken of as the Dec page (pronounced like deck), this is a summary showing your coverage at a glance. The section of your policy called Coverages spells out in more detail what you are insured for. The Declaration page states the name of the insured party (called the insured) and other drivers specifically covered. It lists the types of coverages you have, the limits for each (the most an insurer will pay if you have a claim), and the premium charged (the cost of a policy for the period covered.)

Essay on Online Education | Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Education Essay

Essay on Online Education: Online learning is one of the imminent trends in the education sector around the globe. This mode of learning is done through the internet. With advanced and upgraded technologies, this mode of learning has been made simpler. Online Education is also preferred in higher learning Institutions. This article will render the students about online education, its outcomes, and advantage in short and long essays on Online Education.

You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more.

Long and Short Essays on Online Education for financial freedom Students and Children in English

We provide children and students Soft Learners with essay samples on a long essay of 500 words and a short essay on Online Education in Lockdown of 150 words on the topic “Online education in India Essay” for reference.

Short Essay on Online Education 150 Words in English

Short Essay on Online Education advantages and Disadvantages is helpful to students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

Education is an integral part of people’s lives; it will either make them or break them in the prospect depending on their careers. Education is broadly diverse today compared to the 1950s because of progressions in teaching methods and other prominent inventions that implement more apparent teaching techniques.

In E-learning, the students study from home or any other place, that is most convenient for them. They can acquire learning material online. The study materials in online education could be texts, audio, notes, videos, and images. However, the method of study has its benefits and various drawbacks too.

Online education is suitable for those who can not visit or obtain the traditional education method for one reason or the other. Nearly 6.1 million college students are currently attending online courses, and this number is growing by around 30 percent yearly.
Online education provides a myriad of advantages for people, as well as companies because it allows for, among others, flexibility. A great way to benefit more from online education is to consolidate online education and traditional ways of teaching.


 Driving Under the Influence (DUI) is a serious offense in the State of Georgia.  If your license is suspended as a result of a DUI, you will be required to file an SR22 proof of financial responsibility form.  The SR22 certificate must be kept on file for a minimum of three (3) years.  Failure to file or keep proof of financial responsibility can result in the re-suspension of your driving privileges and the cancelation of your insurance policy.


1st Offense:

Jail Time: 10 days to 12 months

Community Service: at least 40 hours

Fine: $300-$1,000

Driver’s License Suspension: Minimum of 180 days

2nd Offense:

Jail Time: 90 days to 12 months

Community Service: at least 30 days

Fine: $600-$1,000

Driver’s License Suspension: 3 years

3rd Offense:

Jail Time: 120 days to 12 months

Community Service: at least 30 days

Fine: $1,000-$5,000

Driver’s License Suspension: 5 years

If you have multiple convictions sr22 for failing to provide proof of insurance, the Georgia Department of Driver Services will require you to present a 

Georgia Safety Responsibility Insurance Certificate (SR-22A)

.  The SR-22A insurance certificate must be prepaid every six (6) months.  The department will also allow you to file an SR-22 insurance policy that is marked “paid in full.”


The Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A) contains several laws regarding driving under the influence.  O.C.G.A § 40-6-391 makes it unlawful for a person to drive or be in physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol “to the extent that it is less safe for the person to drive” or subsection (5) “The person’s alcohol concentration is .08 grams or more at any time within three hours after such driving or being in actual physical control from alcohol consumed before such driving or being in actual physical control ended.”

Penalties for a first offense driving under the influence conviction in the State of Georgia include a fine of up to $1,000, a jail sentence of ten days up to one year, forty (40) hours of community service, completion of a DUI Alcohol or Drug Use Risk Reduction Program, a clinical evaluation, and probation. 


Georgia law requires all people convicted of two (2) or more DUI offenses within a five (5) year period to install an ignition interlock device (IID) on their vehicle.  To obtain their Ignition Interlock Limited Driving Permit (IILDP), a person must show that they have completed a certified DUI Drug or Alcohol Use Risk Reduction program and pay all fines and fees.  Additionally, under Georgia’s extensive Ignition Interlock Program certain drivers may voluntarily install an ignition interlock device and receive their IILDP allowing them restricted driving privileges. 

Credit Repair Services and How They Can Help You

  • You have bad credit or problems managing your credit
  • You can’t decide if credit repair is for you
  • You want to learn more about credit repair services
  • You want to improve your overall credit rating

The fact is, more and more people are turning to credit repair as a solution to many of their financial problems. And regardless of your credit history and your current rating, credit repair can help you because it is designed to accomplish one main goal: raising your credit score.

So whether your credit is bad or you just want to honest credit repair services make some improvements, learning how the process works and how it can help you is the first step on the road to good credit.

Why Credit’s Important

In case you’re still not convinced, having good credit can affect almost every aspect of your life. From your health and your family’s well-being to your work life and personal relationships, your credit has a way of governing the way you live. Without good credit, it’s getting harder to keep up with the rest of society-and it’s not just about credit cards anymore.

Bad credit can prevent you from owning a home, financing a car, renting an apartment or even getting a job. To the people and services you depend on, your credit reflects who you are, what your reputation is and whether or not you can be trusted. With this much riding on a simple credit score, it’s imperative that you regard yours as a #1 priority.

What’s On Your Credit Report?

If you want to know where you stand, you have to get your credit report. Your report will show you almost every credit-related transaction you’ve made. Defaulted cell phone contracts, student, auto or mortgage loans, maxed out credit cards and late payments-it’s all on there. The question is:

Is this what you want people to see when they run a check?

If you have negative items on your credit report, there are ways to have them resolved. It’s possible that they’re reporting inaccurately, or they’re beyond the statute of limitations and can be removed completely. Maybe someone you owe will settle for an amount you can actually afford to pay. Regardless of the situation, there are ways to make it right-and you’ll have to know what they are if you want to succeed.

Credit Repair Services and What They Do

Credit repair services employ a panel of experts that are able to analyze various credit situations and find ways to improve them. Many times this will include contacting credit bureaus and collection agencies to resolve debts, report mistakes or request specific services. If you have no experience dealing with credit reports, collection agencies or credit bureaus, a credit repair specialist can handle these kinds of tasks for you. Although dealing with these agencies requires no particular skills or licensing, it does call for an adequate level of knowledge and experience in order to get the best possible results.

Typically, a good credit repair company will examine your credit reports with you and discuss the various findings. They will help you to understand the challenges you’re facing as well as the many strategies that are available. Most importantly, a good service will help you set goals and help you to take the appropriate steps by coaching you through the entire process.

And keep in mind that a good credit repair company will do much more than fix up your credit report. The right service will also help you budget your money, manage your credit cards, reduce your debt, and establish new, positive lines of credit. Through a combination of these services and a little patience and focus, you can improve your credit score fast and easy.

Naturopathy Courses – Healing Arts in a Nutshell

Find Naturopathy Courses in the United States and Canada. If you are drawn to the healing arts, then enrolling in one of several naturopathy courses may be the right educational choice for you.

Teaching an ancient and holistic medicine system that facilitates natural healing modalities such as Ayurveda, herbalism, homeopathy, hydrotherapy, aromatherapy and environmental medicine – to list a few – naturopathy courses are comprehensively designed for the future naturopathic physician in mind.

Prospective students should carefully examine école de naturopathie holistique naturopathy courses as many healing arts schools and universities require a standard prerequisite of at least four years of college or a bachelor’s degree. In addition, one must be committed to his/her studies as naturopathy courses are intensive and require a fair amount of dedication and concentration. For example, many of the lessons taught in naturopathy courses are not just about naturopathic medicine theories and philosophies; the first part of most naturopathic educational programs involve in-depth coursework in anatomy, biology, biochemistry, chemistry, histology, physiology, pharmacology and pathology. Additional instruction entails nutritional counseling, manual therapies, and natural remedies (supplements, herbs, macrobiotics, etc.).

Students who enroll in naturopathy courses will learn the principles of naturopathic medicine, which include “First do no harm,” “Treat the whole person,” and “prevention” – among others. Depending on the individual school and/or region, a number of naturopathy courses may result in either a degree or diploma.

Once students have completed all naturopathy courses, they are eligible* to become licensed naturopathic doctors (NDs). (*Licensing requirements and laws vary in individual states and provinces.) In many regions, graduates must pass a board exam given by the North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners (NABNE) to gain licensure.

Though many practitioners may go into private clinics as primary caregivers, a number of naturopathic doctors may seek careers as counselors, professional instructors, and researchers. In addition, as with any healthcare profession, naturopathic practitioners are required to earn continuing education units through a number of naturopathy courses to maintain licensure.

Practicing a natural and complementary healing art, NDs are quickly growing by the numbers as more professional opportunities come available due to the widening public acceptance of alternative medicine.

Online Physical Therapist Assistant Programs

If you are interested in learning how to become a physical therapist assistant, the first thing that you have to do is to find a school that is offering such course. However, do you know that you can also get physical therapist assistant programs online? Currently, there are several schools offering distance learning programs for those who want to join the field. That means you will be getting the best options you need for your training.

So what do these schools offer? These schools are Rechenstörung (bei Kindern)offering an associate degree program for assistants to physical therapists. However, you will be required to complete general education courses before you qualify for the program and proceed with your medical academic subjects that you can take from home. Checking the programs individually is an advantage as well. You have to make sure that the assistant programs that you are considering are accredited by Physical Therapy Association’s Commission on CAPTE before enrolling.

Standard physical therapist assistant programs are divided into two modules. The first consist of various academic coursework where you will be studying various subjects including physiology, anatomy, disabilities and therapeutic exercises, introduction to physiology, psychology, medical terminologies and ethics. You will also be using various computer-based methods to help you learn how to become successful in this career.

Online physical therapist assistant programs also offer computer-based reading materials. Your assignments will be submitted through email and you will be attending your classes online. This way, you will also be getting direct instructions from your professors just like how it is in a classroom setting. You will also get the chance to participate in discussions along with your fellow students.

All accredited online schools provide clinical practices as part of their programs. You will also be required to participate in various laboratory work practices in a healthcare setting. That means even if you are in a distance learning program, you still have to arrange accommodation or transportation to be able to attend these clinical practices.

Why people use herbal medicine


The use of herbal medicine, as one element of complementary and alternative medicine, is increasing worldwide. Little is known about the reasons for and factors associated with its use. This study derives insights for the use of herbal medicine in Germany regarding the usage aims, role played by the type of illness, reasons for preferred usage and sources of information.


Using a qualitative methodological approach, six focus groups (n = 46) were conducted. Two groups with young, middle-aged and elderly participants, respectively. After audiotaping and verbatim transcription, the data were analysed with a qualitative content analysis.


We found that treating illnesses was the most frequently Of Earth Organics discussed aim for using herbal medicine over all age groups. Preventing illnesses and promoting health were less frequently mentioned overall, but were important for elderly people. Discussions on herbal medicine were associated with either mild/moderate diseases or using herbal medicine as a starting treatment before applying conventional medicine. In this context, participants emphasized the limits of herbal medicine for severe illnesses. Dissatisfaction with conventional treatment, past good experiences, positive aspects associated with herbal medicine, as well as family traditions were the most commonly-mentioned reasons why herbal medicine was preferred as treatment. Concerning information sources, independent reading and family traditions were found to be equally or even more important than consulting medicinal experts.


Although herbal medicine is used mostly for treating mild to moderate illnesses and participants were aware of its limits, the combination of self-medication, non-expert consultation and missing risk awareness of herbal medicine is potentially harmful. This is particularly relevant for elderly users as, even though they appeared to be more aware of health-related issues, they generally use more medicine compared to younger ones. In light of our finding that dissatisfaction with conventional medicine was the most important reason for a preferred use of herbal medicine, government bodies, doctors, and pharmaceutical companies need to be aware of this problem and should aim to establish a certain level of awareness among users concerning this issue.

The best Frozen toys for kids of all ages in 2021

You’ll be hard-pressed to find any kid’s toybox that doesn’t feature Disney Frozen toys. From bikes to costumes, to Elsa and Anna toy dolls and even keyboards – ‘Frozen Fever’ has gripped the globe and the children’s toy market since the mid 2010s – even taking the crown as one of the best-selling toys of 2014.

With Frozen 2 on Disney Plus, alongside a new Frozen documentary Elsa and Anna dolls series, new generations of kids are getting in on the action, meaning demand for merchandise based on this beloved movie has again peaked in popularity. For instance, Frozen toys always appear on the list of top Christmas toys for the year.

With this in mind, we’ve rounded up some of the best Frozen toys (which pay tribute to both the first and second films) in the hopes it will save you hours browsing online.

Taking into account budgets, ages and much-loved characters like Anna, Olaf the snowman and Elsa from Frozen, our guide covers all bases and will help you find some of the best toys for 3-year-olds and older…